The Meaning of the Gem Stones

Hematite:

Amethyst: Amethyst is one of the most common gemstones. It is a type of quartz that ranges in color from deep purple to pale lavender, depending on the presence of manganese and iron.

According to the ancient Greeks, the myth behind amethyst was that the nymph named Amethystos refused the attentions of Dionysus, (the god of wine and intoxication.) As he pursued her, she prayed for protection. The goddess Artemis answered her call for help, turning her into a clear stone. Dionysus poured his wine over the stone, dyeing the crystal purple.

Because of the myth of its origins, this stone has been believed to prevent intoxication - from alcohol, to a range of other physical appetites and indulgences. This sobering effect is also believed to clarify perception, improvin psychic abilities and clairvoyance. It is used by naturopaths to improve the decision-making of those who wear it. It helps gamblers, alcoholics, smokers, and other addictive behaviors. Often used during meditation to provide an overall sense of spiritual balance, some naturopaths will use amethyst to treat insomnia, blood sugar disorders, and to relieve headaches.

This popular gemstone is also used as a symbol of peace and unification - serenity and stability.

It traditionally adorned the robes and crowns of rich and powerful monarchs, being viewed as equal in value to ruby, emerald and sapphire. Amethyst still holds a place in the halls of power, being worn by church officials in the Roman Catholic church.

 Ruby: Ruby gets its name from the Latin word for red, ruber. It is one of the four precious gems alongside diamond, sapphire and emerald. Known as the "gemstone of nobles," it has adorned the breastplates of high priests as well as warriors. It has even adorned weapons. "Blood red" rubies are considered the most valuable. In some ancient cultures, ruby gemstones were used to cast lots to predict the future. 

Ruby is believed to promote loving, nurturing, health, knowledge and wealth. It has been associated with improved energy and concentration, creativity, loyalty, honor and compassion. Ruby is thought to be protective of the home, and family. It is also said to stimulate the heart chakra, and bring spiritual wisdom while shielding again psychic or evil attacks.

Ruby gets its red color from chromium. The red of ruby is the only color variety not found in sapphire. Also like sapphire, significant ruby deposits have been found in the Eastern hemisphere.

Ruby is the birthstone for the month of July. It is also used to commemorate the 40th anniversary of weddings, and other milestones.

 Garnet:

 Quartz:

 Sapphire:

Diamond:

Turquoise:

Topaz:

Bloodstone:  This was called "the Stone of Babylon" in late Classical times. By the time of the Christian era, it was named "the stone of martyrs." During the middlew ages, the red spots were thought to be drops of Christ's blood, which then gave the impression that the stone posessed magical powers. In the 4th century, it was believed to induce rain, solar eclipses, and invisibility.

Take the name literally - bloodstone is believed to work on the circulatory system: strengthening veins, toning the heart muscle, and fortifying the blood. It represents all things that contribute to a long, healthy life, and supports our strength, stamina, and courage.

The stone is connected to the months of February, March, November and December.

Opal:

Citrine

Aquamarine: As you've probably already assumed, Aquamarine was named as a tribute to the sea. The Greeks and Romans both associated aquamarine as a sailor's stone of protection, and it was commonly worn to ensure a safe and productive passage across stormy seas. As far back as 480 BC, aquamarine was considered to be the treasure of the mermaids because its ability to protect increased when immersed in water. Even today, it's still thought to bring protection to those at sea, and is a popular gift on cruises, and among fishermen.

Also considered to be the symbol of courage and preparedness, aquamarine is often used as a "good luck" stone, thought to bring feelings of harmony, peace, love, joy and happiness to those who wear it.

On land, it is believed to have soothing effects on lovers, helping them to work through their differences, and ensure a long and happy relationship. 

Traditionally, aquamarine is also the birthstone for March.

Fluorite:

Emerald:

Jade:

Jasper:

Pearl:

Peridot: Shimmering, pale green peridot, (often called the evening emerald,) is a stone commonly associated with spirituality and expression. The shade of green present in peridot is based on the proportion of iron present in it. The deeper the green, the smaller the amount of iron it has.

Also known as olivine, it is only found in green. It is the national gem of Egypt, and the ancient Egyptians knew it as the "gem of the sun." Jewelry historians are now convinced that most of the emeralds that Cleopatra wore were not actually emeralds, but instead, deep green peridot stones. Ancient Egyptian scrolls date the mining of peridot as early as 1500 BC.

Peridot, also known to ancient Hebrews, is listed in the Bible as one of the stones used in Aaron's breastplate. It was used as one of the layers in the foundation of the city of New Jerusalem.

Known as the stone of compassion, peridot is believed to bring good health, restful sleep and peaceful relationships, by balancing the emotions and thoughts. It has also been used to protect believers from the evil eye. This bright green stone has the ability to inspire eloquence and creativity, and brings delight and good cheer to those who wear it. It attracts love, and calms anger, by giving renewal to all things. It is said that if the gem is set in gold, the stone will develop its full potential as a talisman, and will have the power to avoid nightmares.The stone’s ability to glow like a hot coal under lamplight or moonlight, helps chase away foreboding night terrors and visions. Peridot has also been long considered a powerful aid to repairing and maintaining friendships. It supposedly frees the mind of envious thoughts that can damage and strain relationships.

Peridot is not only found on Earth. In 1749, a 14 million year old meteorite was found on a lonely hilltop in Siberia. It was discovered that this "fallen star" contained many pieces of heaven-sent peridot crystals that were large enough to be used in jewelry. 

Scientists believe that peridot crystals played a large role in the creation of the moon, and that now they comprise a large portion of the moon's mantle.

According to the great Roman philosopher, Pliny the Elder, (again, our sole survivor from Pompeii,) peridot must be worn on the right arm to work its most potent dispelling.

 

Tanzanite: Rarer and almost as famous as diamonds, tanzanite has grown in the last 50 years since its discovery. Unlike the diamond, which is plentiful. tanzanite mines are predicted to run dryaround 2022, giving this gem all the more rare desire and intrigue.

Tanzanite is an otherwise unappealing brown stone, but with a traditional heating process, the in-demand blue is created. It is often mistaken for sapphire, but the main difference between the two gems is tanzanite's brilliant range of purple and blue hues. 

Tanzanite is believed to facilitate a higher consciousness, stimulate intuition, and enhance perception. It is also believed to aid in detoxifying the body, and improving vitality. Tanzanite is said to be a good stone to wear when you need a calming and soothing presence. Because of the high vibration rate of the stone, some think it can be a stimulant to the throat and head.

Another popular belief is that because it takes intense heat to bring forth this stone's full potential, it also has the ability to bring forth the wearers' full potential and help them get in touch with the alternate side of their personality through their body heat.

Tiger Eye: The eye of a Tiger shows its animal magnetism, and gleams with iridescent splendor. The power and longevity also gleams in this aptly-named golden-yellow, deeply banded gemstone. Tigereye (also called "tiger's eye stone") is cut into shapes with iridescent undulating luster that's as hypnotic as the stare of a real tiger.

To know the spiritual value of tigereye just think of its name. It implies clear-eyed vision so we can see ourselves and the world in a better light. Tigereye  combines earth energy, with light or sun energy - creating an intense look that's also well-grounded. It is thought to remind you to stop, look and listen before you do any leaping. Tiger eye is said to enhance psychic and empathic energies, while protecting its wearer with a receptive eye. For that reason it's also commonly used to ease tired eyes, through meditation, or placing them on closed eye lids.

Different colors are believed to have slightly different effects. Blue tigereye is thought to alleviate and release stress. Golden tiger eye encourages attention to detail. Some naturopaths apply red tigereye to overcome lethargy of the body, mind and/or spirit.

Lower levels of iron during the stone's formation can result in stones with a blue tinge. 

Tourmaline:

Zircon:

Amber: Amber is a 50-million-year-old hard tree-sap from pre-historic Pine trees.  Only 15% of the amber mined today is suitable for jewelry. The remainder is generally used to make amberoid: a natural-looking pressed form of amber.

Amber is thought to help absorb negative energy and to release happy, relaxing energy. It helps in calming nerves and improving attitude. Amber has also been used as a symbol of courage and self-confidence, and was thought to bring good luck to warriors during battle, but also worn by elders as a symbol of their longevity and wisdom.

The different colors of amber are often used on the chakras with corresponding colors to promote opening and cleansing of the body.  Yellow amber has been used in homeopathic medicine to improve memory, and help with decision-making.

One of the most interesting properties of amber is that it's electrostatic. Roman author and scientist Pliny the Elder, (sole survivor of the Pompeii volcano blast,) wrote about amber's ability to carry static electricity back in 79 AD.

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